TCM Bookstore, China:

Science of Chinese Materia Medica, Traditional Chinese Medicine Books

       
 

 

 

 

17cm¡Á24.1cm,

378 pages, 2003. 

ISBN

7-81010-658-9/R.624

 

Author, Li Zhaoguo.

Published by Publishing House of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

 

         

 

 

Foreword I

As we are walking into the 21st century, health for all " is still an important task for the World Health organization (WHO) to accomplish in the new century. The realization of "health for all " requires mutual cooperation and concerted efforts of various medical sciences, including traditional medicine. WHO has increasingly emphasized the development of traditional medicine and has made fruitful efforts to promote its development. Currently the spectrum of diseases is changing and an increasing number of diseases are difficult to cure. The side effects of chemical drugs have become more and more evident. Furthermore, both the governments and peoples in all countries are faced with the problem of high cost of medical treatment. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the most complete system of traditional medicine in the world with unique theory and excellent clinical curative effects, basically meets the need to solve such problems. Therefore, ringing TCM into full play in medical treatment and healthcare will certainly become one of the hot points in the world medical business in the 21st century.

Various aspects of work need to be done to promote he course of the internationalization of TCM, especially the compilation of works and textbooks suitable for international readers. The impending new century has witnessed the compilation of such a series of books known as A Newly Complied Practical English-Chinese Library of Traditional Chinese Medicine Published by the Publishing House of Shanghai University of TCM, compiled by Nanjing University of TCM and translated by Shanghai University of TCM. Professor Zuo Yanfu, the general compiler-in-chief of this Library, is a person who sets his mind on the international dissemination of TCM. He has compiled General Survey on TCM Abroad, a monograph on the development and state of TCM abroad. This Library is another important works written by the exerts organized by him with the support of Nanjing University of TCM and shanghai University of TCM. The compilation of this Library is done with consummate ingenuity and according to the development of TCM abroad. The compilers, based on the remise of preserving the genuineness and gist of TCM, have tried to make the contents concise, practical and easy to understand, making great efforts to introduce the abstruse ideas of TCM in a scientific and simple way as well as expounding the prevention and treatment of diseases which are commonly encountered abroad and can be effectively treated by TCM.

This Library encompasses a systematic summarization of the teaching experience accumulated in Nanjing University of TCM and Shanghai University of TCM  that run the collaborating centers of traditional medicine and the international training centers on acupuncture and moxibustion set by WHO. I am sure that the publication of this Library will further promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine abroad and enable the whole world to have a better understanding of traditional Chinese medicine.

Professor Zhu Qingsheng

Vie-Minister of Health Ministry of the People's Republic of China

Director of the State Administrative Bureau of TCM

December 14 ,  2000 Beijing

 

Foreword II

Before the existence of the modern medicine, human beings depended solely on herbal medicines and other therapeutic methods to treat diseases and preserve health. Such a practice gave rise to the establishment of various kinds of traditional medicine with unique theory and practice, such as traditional Chinese medicine, Indian medicine and Arabian medicine, etc. Among these traditional systems of medicine, traditional Chinese medicine is a most extraordinary one based on which traditional Korean medicine and Japanese medicine have evolved.

Even in the 21st century, traditional medicine is still of great vitality. In spite of the fast development of modern medicine, traditional medicine is still disseminated far and wide. In many developing countries, most of the people in the rural areas still depend on traditional medicine and traditional medical practitioners to meet the need for primary healthcare. Even in the countries with advanced modern medicine, more and more people have begun to accept traditional medicine and other therapeutic methods, such as homeopath, osteopathy and naturopathy, etc.

With  the change of the economy, culture and living style in various regions as well as the aging in the world population, the disease spectrum has changed. And such a change has paved the way for the new application of traditional medicine. Besides, the new requirements initiated by the new diseases and the achievements and limitations of modern medicine have also created challenges for traditional medicine.

WHO sensed the importance of traditional medicine to human health early in the 1970s and have made great efforts to develop traditional medicine. At the 29th world health congress held in 1976, the item of traditional medicine was adopted in the working plan of WHO. In the following world health congresses, a series of resolutions were passed to demand the member countries to develop, utilize and study traditional medicine according to their specific  conditions so as to reduce medical expenses for the realization of "health for all ".

WHO has laid great stress on the scientific content, safe and effective application of traditional medicine. It has published and distributed a series of booklets on the scientific, safe and effective use of herbs and acupuncture and moxibustion. It has also made great contributions to the international standardization of traditional medical terms. The safe and effective application of traditional medicine has much to do with the skills of traditional medical practitioners. That is why WHO has made great efforts to train them. WHO has run 27 collaborating centers in the world which have made great contributions to the training of acupuncturists and traditional medical practitioners. Nanjing University of TCM and Shanghai University of TCM run the collaborating centers with WHO. In recent years it has, with the cooperation of WHO and other countries, trained about ten thousand international students from over 90 countries.

In order to further promote the dissemination of traditional Chinese medicine in the world, A Newly Compiled Practical English-Chinese Library of Traditional Chinese Medicine, compiled by Nanjing University of TCM with Professor Zuo Yanfu as the general compiler-in-chief and published by the Publishing House of Shanghai University of TCM, aims at systematic, accurate and concise expounding of traditional Chinese medical theory and introducing clinical therapeutic methods of traditional medicine according to modern medical nomenclature of diseases. Undoubtedly, this series of books will be the practical textbooks for the beginners with certain English level and the international enthusiasts with certain level of Chinese to study traditional Chinese medicine. Besides, this series of books can also serve as reference books for WHO to internationally standardize the nomenclature of acupuncture and moxibustion.

The scientific, safe and effective use of traditional medicine will certainly further promote the development of traditional medicine and traditional medicine will undoubtedly make more and more contributions to human health in the 21st century.

Zhang Xiaorui

WHO Coordination Officer

December 2000

 

Contents

General Introduction

1. properties and Actions of Chinese Medicinal Herbs

1.1 Four natures and five flavors

1.2 Lifting, Lowering, floating and sinking

1.3 Meridian tropism of Chinese medicinal herbs

1.4 Toxicity

2. Processing of Chinese Medicinal Herbs

2.1 Purposes of processing Chinese medicinal herbs

2.2 Methods of processing medicinal materials

3 Compatibility of Chinese Medicinal Herbs

4 Contraindication of Chinese Medicinal Herbs

5 Dosage and Administration

5.1 Dosage

5.2 Administration

Specific Discussions

1 Diaphoretics or Exterior Syndrome Relievng Chinese Medicinal Herbs

1.1 Diaphoretics with pungent-warm property

Mahuang herba Ephedrae

Guizhi Ramulus Cinnamomi

Zisuye Folium Perillae

Xiangru Herba Elsholtziae

Jingjie Herba Schizonepetae

Fangfeng Radix Saposhnikoviae

Qianghuo Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii

Xixin Herba Asari

Cang'erzi Fructus Xanthii

Xinyi Flos Magnoliae

1.2 Diaphoretics with pungent-cool property

Bohe Herba menthae

Juhua Flos Chrysanthemi

Chantui Periostracum Cicadae

Niubangzi Fructus Arctii

Sangye Folium Mori

Chaihu Radix Bupleuri

Gegen Radix Puerariae

Shengma Rhizoma Cimicifugae

2 heat Clearing Chinese Medicinal herbs

2.1 Heat clearing and fire purging Chinese medicinal herbs

Shigao Gypsum Fibrosum

Zhimu Rhizoma Anemarrhenae

Zhizi fructus Gardeniae

Xiakucao Spica Prunellae

Lugen Rhizoma Phragmitis

Tianhuafen Radix Trichosanthis

Danzhuye Herba Lophatheri

Juemingzi Semen Cassiae

2.2 Chinese Medicinal Herbs for eliminating heat and dampness

Huangqin Radix Scutellariae

Huanglian Rhizoma Coptidis

Huangbai Cortex Phellodendri

Longdan Radix gentianae

Kushen Radix Sophorae flavescentis

2.3 Heat clearing and blood cooling Chinese medicinal herbs

Shengdihuang Radix Rehmanniae

Xuanshen Radix Scrophulariae

Mudanpi Cortex Moutan Radicis

Chishaoyao Radix Paeoniae Rubra

Shuiniujiao Cornu bubali

2.4 Chinese medicinal herbs for eliminating heat and toxin

Jinyinhua Flos Lonicerae

Lianqiao Fructus Forsythiae

Zihuadiding Herba Violae

Banlangen Radix Isatidis

Qingdai Indigo Naturalis

Chuanxinlian Herba Andrographitis

Banbianlian Herba Lobeliae Chinensis

Guanzhong Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomae

Baitouweng Radix Pulsatillae

Yuxingcao Herba Houttuyniae

Jinqiaomai Rhizoma Fagopyri Cymosi

Hongteng Caulis Sargentodoxae

Baijiangcao Herba Patriniae

2.5 Asthenic-heat clearing Chinese medicinal herbs

Qinghao Herba Artemisiae Annuae

Digupi Cortex Lycii Radicis

Baiwei Radix Cynanchi Atrati

Huhuanglian Rhizoma Picrorrhizae

Yinchaihu Radix Stellariae

3 Cathartics

3.1 Purgatives

Dahuang Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

mangxiao Natrii Sulfas

Luhui aloe

Fanxieye Folium Sennae

3.2 Moistening Purgatives

huomaren Fructus Cannabis

Yuliren Semen Pruni

3.3 Drastic Purgatives

Gansui Radix Euphorbiae kansui

Daji Radix Euphorbiae Pekinensis

Yuanhua Flos Genkwa

Qianniuzi Semen Pharbitidis

4 Dampness Removing Chinese medicinal herbs

Duhuo Radix Angelicae Pubescentis

Weilingxian Radix Clematidis

Chuanwu Radix Aconiti

Fangji Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae

Qinjiao Radix gentianae Macrohyllae

Qishe Agkistrodon Acutus

Sangjisheng Ramulus Taxilli

wujiapi Cortex Acanthopanacis Radicis

4.2 dampness resolving Chinese medicinal herbs

Huoxiang Herba Agastachis

Peilan Herba Eupatorii

Cangzhu Rhizoma Atractylodis

Houpo Cortex Magnoliae officinalis

Sharen Fructus Amomi

4.3 Chinese medicinal herbs for promoting diuresis and resolving dampness

Fuling Poria

zhuling Polyporus

Zexie Rhizoma Alismatis

Yiyiren Semen Coicis

Cheqianzi Semen plantaginis

Mutong Caulis akebiae

Haijinsha Spora Lygodii

Difuzi fructus Kochiae

Bixie rhizoma dioscoreae Hypoglaucae

Jinqiancao Herba Lysimachiae

Yinchenhao Herba Artemisiae Scopariae

5 The Interior Warming Chinese Medicinal Herbs

Fuzi Radix Aconiti Lateralis praeparata

Rougui Cortex Cinnamomi

Ganjiang Rhizoma zingiberis

Wuzhuyu Fructus Evodiae

XiaohuiXiang Fructus foeniculi

huajiao Pericarpium zanthoxyli

6 Qi Regulating Chinese Medicinal Herbs

Jupi pericarpium Citri Tangerinae

Qingpi Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae viride

Xiangfu Rhizoma Cyperi

Muxiang Radix Aucklandiae

Zhishi fructus Aurantii Immaturus

Xiebai Bulbus Alli Macrostemi

Wuyao Radix Linderae

Binglang Semen Arecae

Chuanlianzi Fructus Meliae Toosendan

Dingxiang Flos Caryophylli

chenxiang Lignum Aquilariae Resinatum

Shidi Calyx Kaki

7 Food Retention Relieving Chinese Medicinal Herbs

Shanzha Fructus Crataegi

Shenqu Massa Medicata Fermentata

Maiya Fructus Hordei Germinatus

Jineijin Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae galli

8 Hemostatic Chinese medicinal Herbs

Daji Radix Cirsii Japonici

Xiaoji Herba Cephalanoploris

Diyu radix Sanguisorbae

Huaihua Flos sophorae

Cebaiye Cacumen biotae

Baimaogen Rhizoma Imperatae

Baiji Rhizoma Bletillae

Xianhecao Herba Agrimoniae

Sanqi Radix Notoginseng

Qiancaogen Radix Rubiae

Puhuang Pollen Typhae

Aiye Folium Artemisiae Argyi

Paojiang Rhizoma Zingiberis Praeparata

9 Chinese Medicinal herbs for Invigorating the Blood and Removing Blood Stasis

Danshen Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae

Chuanxiong Rhizoma Chuanxiong

Yanhusuo Rhizoma corydalis

Yujin Radix Curcumae

Jianghuang Rhizoma Curcumae Longae

Ruxiang Olibanum

Moyao Myrrha

Taoren Semen persicae

Honghua Flos carthami

Yimucao Herba Leonuri

Niuxi Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae

Jixueteng Caulis Spatholobi

Sanleng Rhizoma Sparganii

Ezhu Rhizoma Zedoariae

Shuizhi Hirudo

Mengchong Tabanus

10 Phlegm Resolving, Antitussive and Antiasthmatic Chinese Medicinal Hers

Banxia Rhizoma Pinelliae

Tiannanxing Rhizoma Arisaematis

Baiqian Rhizoma Cynanchi Stauntonii

Qianhu Radix Peucedani

Gualou Fructus Trichosanthis

Beimu Bulbus Fritillariae

Xingren Semen Armeniacae Amarum

Jiegeng Radix platycodi

Zisuzi Fructus Perillae

Tinglizi Semen Lepidii seu Descurainiae

Xuanfuhua Flos Inulae

Pipaye Folium Eriobotryae

Baibu Radix Stemonae

11 Tranquilizers

Zhusha Cinnabaris

Cishi Magnetitum

Longgu Os Draconis

Hupo Succinum

Suanzaoren Semen ziziphi Spinosae

Baiziren Semen Biotae

Yuanzhi Radix Polygalae

Hehuanpi Cortex Albiziae

12 Chinese Medicinal Herbs for Calming the Liver to Stop Endogenous Wind

Shijueming Concha Haliotidis

Muli concha Ostreae

Niuhuang calculus bovis

Daizheshi Haematitum

Lingyangjiao Cornu Saigae tataricae

Gouteng Ramulus Uncariae cum Uncis 

Tianma Rhizoma Gastrodiae

Quanxie Scorpio

Wugong Scolopendra

Dilong Lumbricus

Baijiangcan bombyx Batryticatus

13 Chinese Resuscitative Medicines

Shexiang Moschus

Bingpian Borneolum Syntheticum

Shichangpu rhizoma acori Graminei

14 Restoratives

14.1 Restoratives for invigorating qi

Renshe Radix Ginseng

Dangshen Radix Codonopsis

Xiyangshen Radix Panacis quinque folii

Huangqi Radix Astragali

Baizhu Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae

Shanyao Rhizoma Dioscoreae

Gancao Radix Glycyrrhizae

Fengmi Mel

14.2 Restoratives for reinforcing yang

Lurong Cornu Cervi Pantotrichum

Bajitian Radix Morindae Officinalis

Yinyanghuo Herba Epimedii

Roucongrong Herba Cistanchis

Yizhiren Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae

Buguzhi Fructus Psoraleae

Tusizi Semen Cuscutae

Dongchongxiacao Cordyceps

Duzhong Cortex Eucommiae

Shayuanzi Semen Astragali complanati

14.3 Restoratives for nourishing the blood

Danggui Radix Angelicae Sinensis

Shudihuang Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata

Heshouwu Radix Polygoni Multiflori

Baishaoyao Radix Paeoniae Alba

Ejiao colla corii Asini

14.4 Restoratives for nourishing yin

Beishashen Radix Glehniae

Maimendong Radix Ophiopogonis

Tianmendong Radix Asparagi

Huangjing Rhizoma Polygonati

Yuzhu Rhizoma Polygonatic Odorati

Shihu Herba Dendrobii

Gouqizi Fructus Lycii

Hanliancao Herba Ecliptae

Nuzhenzi Fructus Ligustri Lucidi

Guiban Carapax et plastrum Testudinis

Biejia Carapax Trionycis

15 Astringent Chinese Medicinal Herbs

Mahuanggen Radix Ephedrae

Fuxiaomai fructus Tritici Levis

Wuweizi Fructus Schisandrae

Wumei Fructus Mume

Roudoukou Semen Myristicae

Chishizhi Halloysitum Rubrum

Shanzhuyu Fructus Corni

Lianzi Semen Nelumbinis

Jinyingzi fructus Rosae Laevigatae

Haipiaoxiao Os Sepiellae Seu Sepiae

16 Chinese Medicinal Herbs for External application

Liuhuang Sulphur

Shengyao Hydrargyri Oxydum

Luganshi Calamina

Mingfan Alumen

Pengsha borax

Fengfang Nidus Vespae

Maqianzi Semen Strychni

Shechuangzi Fructus Cnidii

Index: Herbs by Latin Names

Postscript