TCM China:  

Chinese Tuina, Traditional Chinese Medicine Books







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17cm¡Á 24cm, 

370 pages, 2002. 12.



7-81010-651-1/R. 617


Author, Li Zhaoguo.

Published by Publishing House of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.


Foreword ¢ñ


As we are walking into the 21st century, ¡<health for all¡\ is still an important task for the World Health Organization (WHO) to accomplish in the new century. The realization of ¡<health for all¡\ requires mutual cooperation and concerted efforts of various medical sciences, including traditional medicine. WHO has increasingly emphasized the development of traditional medicine and has made fruitful efforts to promote its development. Currently the spectrum of diseases is changing and an increasing number of diseases are difficult to cure. The side effects of chemical drugs have become more and more evident. Furthermore, both the governments and peoples in all countries are faced with the problem of high cost of medical treatment. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the complete system of traditional medicine the world with unique theory and excellent clinical curative effects, basically meets the need to solve such problems. Therefore, bringing TCM into full play in medical treatment and healthcare will certainly become one of the hot points in the world medical business in the 21st  century.

Various aspects of work need to be done to promote the course of the internationalization of TCM, especially the compilation of works and textbooks suitable for international readers. The impending new century has witnessed the compilation of such a series of books known as A Newly Compiled Practical English-Chinese Library of Traditional Chinese Medicine published by the Publishing House of Shanghai University of TCM, compiled by Nanjing University of TCM and translated by Shanghai University of TCM. Professor Zuo Yanfu, the general compiler-in-chief of this Library, is a person who sets his mind on the international dissemination of TCM. He has compiled General Survey on TCM Abroad, a monograph on the development and state of TCM abroad. This Library is another important works written by experts organized by him with the support of Nanjing University of TCM and Shanghai University of TCM. The compilation of this Library is done with consummate ingenuity and according to the development of TCM abroad. The compilers, based on the premise of preserving the genuineness and gist of TCM, have tried to make the contents concise, practical and easy to understand, making great efforts to introduce the abstruse ideas of TCM in a scientific and simple way as well as expounding the prevention and treatment of diseases which are commonly encountered abroad and can be effectively treated by TCM.

This Library encompasses a systematic summarization of the teaching experience accumulated in Nanjing University of TCM and Shanghai University of TCM that run the collaborating centers of traditional medicine and the international training centers on acupuncture and moxibustion set by WHO. I am sure that the publication of this Library will further promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine abroad and enable the whole world to have a better understanding of traditional Chinese medicine.


Professor Zhu Qingsheng Vice-Mininster of Health Ministry of the People¡¯s Republic of China

Director of the State Administrative Bureau of TCM

December 14, 2000 Beijing


Foreword ¢┛


Before the existence of the modern medicine, human beings depended solely on herbal medicines and other therapeutic methods to treat diseases and preserve health. Such a practice gave rise to the establishment of various kinds of traditional medicine with unique theory and practice, such as traditional Chinese medicine, Indian medicine and Arabian medicine, traditional Chinese medicine is a most extraordinary one based on which traditional Korean medicine and Japanese medicine have evolved.

Even in the 21st century, traditional medicine is still of great vitality. In spite of the fast development of modern medicine, traditional medicine is still disseminated far and wide, traditional medicine is still disseminated far and wide. In many developing countries, most of the people in the rural areas still depend on traditional medicine and traditional medical practitioners to meet the need for primary healthcare. Even in the countries with advanced modern medicine, more and more people have begun to accept traditional medicine and other therapeutic methods, such as homeopathy, osteopathy and naturopathy, etc.

With the change of the economy, culture and living style in various regions as well as the again in the world population , the disease spectrum has changed. And such a change has paved the way for the new application of traditional medicine. Besides, the new requirements initiated by the new diseases and the achievements and limitations of modern medicine have also created challenges for traditional medicine.

WHO sensed the importance of traditional medicine to human health early in the 1970s and have made great efforts to develop traditional medicine. At the 29th world health congress held in 1976, the item of traditional medicine was adopted in the working plan of WHO. In the following world health congresses, a series of resolutions were passed to demand the member to develop, utilize and study traditional medicine according to their specific conditions so as to reduce medical expenses for the realization of ¡<health for all¡\.

WHO has laid great stress on the scientific content, safe and effective application of traditional medicine. It has published and distributed a series of booklets on the scientific, safe and effective use of herbs and acupuncture and moxibustion. It has also made great contributions to the international standardization of traditional medical terms. The safe and effective application of traditional medicine has much to do with the skills of traditional medical practitioners. That is why WHO has made great efforts to train them. WHO has run 27 collaborating centers in the world which have made great contributions to the training of acupuncturists and traditional medical practitioners. Nanjing University of TCM and Shanghai University of TCM run the collaborating centers with WHO. In recent years it has, with the cooperation of WHO and other countries, trained about ten thousand international students from over90 countries.

In order to further promote the dissemination of traditional Chinese medicine in the world, A Newly Compiled Practical English-Chinese Library of Traditional Chinese Medicine, compiled by Nanjing University of TCM with Professor Zuo Yanfu as the general compiler-in-chief and published by the Publishing House of Shanghai University of TCM, aims at systematic, accurate and concise expounding of traditional Chinese medical theory and introducing clinical therapeutic methods of traditional medicine according to modern medical nomenclature of diseases. Undoubtedly, this series of books with certain English level and the international enthusiasts with certain level of Chinese to study traditional Chinese medicine. Besides, this series of books can also serve as reference books for WHO to internationally standardize the nomenclature of acupuncture an moxibustion.

The scientific, safe and effective use of traditional medicine will certainly further promote  the development of traditional medicine and traditional medicine will undoubtedly make more and contributions to human health in the 21st century.


Zhang Xiao rui

WHO Coordination Officer

December, 2000


1 Basic Knowledge

1.1 An Outine

1.1.1 Brief Account of Development of Chinese Tuina

1.1.2 Research and Advance of Chinese Tuina

1.1.3 How to Learn Chiese Tuina

1.2 Acting Principles of Tuina

1.2.1 Balancing Yin and Yang

1.2.2 Regulating Zang and Fu Organs

1.2.3 Dredging Meridians and collaterals

1.2.4 Promoting Circulation of Qi and Activating Blood

1.3 Practising Exercises for Tuina Therapy (Tuina Liangong)

1.3.1 Characteristics of Tuina Liangong

1.3.2 Approaches of Cultivating Shaolin Neigong (Shaolin Internal Cultivation Exercises)

1.4 Commonly Used Acupoints in tuina

1.4.1 Acupoints for Adult tuina

1.4.2 Acupoints for Infantile Tuina

1.5 Commoly Used Diagnostic Approaches in Tuina

1.5.1 Physical Examinations of the Spinal Region

1.5.2 Physical Examinations of the upper Extremities

1.5.3 Physical Examinations ofthe lower Extremities

1.6 Therapeutic Principles and Reinforcement and Reduction of Tuina

1.6.1 Therapeutic Principles of Tuina

1.6.2 Reinforcement and Reduction of Tuina

1.7 Indications, Contraindicatons and Points for Attention in Tuina

1.7.1 Indications

1.7.2 Contraindications

1.7.3 Cautions

2 Commonly Used Tuina Manipulatoins

2.1 Manipulations for Adult Tuina

2.1.1 Pushing Manipulation with One-inger(Yizhican Tuifa)

2.1.2 Rolling Manipulation (Gunfa)

2.1.3 Kneading Manipulation (Roufa)

2.1.4 Circular Rubbing Manipulation (Mofa)

2.1.5 To-and -fro Rubbing Manipulation (Cafa)

2.1.6 Pushing Manipulation (Tuifa)

2.1.7 Palm-twisting Manipulation (Cuofa)

2.1.8 Wiping Manipulation (Mafa)

2.1.9 Shaking Manipulation (Doufa)

2.1.10 Vibrating Manipulation (Zhenfa)

2.1.11 Pressing Manipulation (Anfa)

2.1.12 Sweeping Manipulation (Saosanfa)

2.1.13 Plucking Manipulation (Tanbofa)

2.1.14 Gripping Manipulation (Zhuafa)

2.1.15 Chopping Manipulation (Pifa)

2.1.16 Digital-pressing Manipulation (Dianfa)

2.1.17 Scraping Manipulation (Guafa)

2.1.18 Grasping Manipulation (Nafa)

2.1.19 Finger-twisting Manipulatoin (Nianfa)

2.1.20 Patting Manipulation (Paifa)

2.1.21 Percussing Manipulation (Jifa)

2.1.22 Rotating Manipulation (Yaofa)

2.1.23 Back-carrying Manipulation (Beifa)

2.1.24 Pulling Manipulation (Banfa)

2.1.25 Traction Manipulation (Bashenfa)

2.2 Manipulations for Infantile Tuina

2.2.1 Straight Pushing Manipulation (Zhituifa)

2.2.2 Rotationally Pushing Manipulation (Xuantuifa)

2.2.3 Separating Manipulation (Fenfa)

2.2.4 Joining Manipulation (Hefa)

2.2.5 Nipping Manipulation (Qiafa)

2.2.6 Arc-pushing Manipulation (Yunfa)

2.2.7 Pinching Manipulation (Niefa)

2.2.8 Squeezing Manipulation (Jifa)

2.2.9 Pounding Manipulation (Daofa)

2.2.10 Flicking Manipulation (Tanfa)

2.2.11 Manipulation of Dragon Getting into the Mouth of a Tiger (Longruhukou)

2.2.12 Manipulation of Beating the Horse to Cross the Heaven River (Dama Guotianhe)

2.2.13 Manipulation of Fishing the Moon from the Bottom of Water (Shuidilaoyue)

2.2.14 Manipulation of Clearing Water of the Heaven River (Qing Tianheshui)

2.2.15 Manipulation of Twisting and Rubbing like Plucking the String (Anxuan Cuomo)

2.2.16 Manipulation of and Old Man Pulling a Fishnet (Laohan Banzeng)

2.2.17 Manipulation of Carrying Earth into Water (Yuntu Rushui)

2.2.18 Manipulation of Carrying Water into Earth (Yunshui Rutu)

2.2.19 Manipulation of Opening up Xuanji (Kaixuanji)

2.2.20 Finishing Manipulation (Zongshoufa)

2.3 Approaches of Manipulation Practice

2.3.1 Practice on Sand Sack

2.3.2 Practice on the Human Body

3 Auiliary Therapy

3.1 Massage Therapy with Ointment--Gaomo

3.2 Medicated Hot Compress Therapy

4 Clinical Treatment with Tuina

4.1 Adult Diseases

4.1.1 Common Cold

4.1.2 Cough and Asthma

4.1.3 Headache

4.1.3 Hedache

4.1.4 Insommia

4.1.5 Vertigo

4.1.6 Coronary Heart Disease

4.1.7 Epigastric Pain

4.1.8 Gastroptosis

4.1.9 Diarrhea

4.1.10 Constipaton

4.1.11 Prostatitis

4.1.12 Uroschesis

4.1.13 Seminal Emission

4.1.14 Hemiplegia

4.1.15 Stiff Neck

4.1.16 Omalgia

4.1.17 Cervical Spondylopathy

4.1.18 Lumbago

4.1.19 Irregular Menstruation

4.1.20 Dysmenorrhea

4.1.21 Hysteroptosis

4.1.22 Acute Mastitis

4.1.23 simacteric Syndrome

4.1.24 Simple Obesity

4.1.25 Toothache

4.2 Infantile Diseases

4.2.1 Fever

4.2.2 Cough

4.2.3 Anorexia

4.2.4 Vomiting

4.2.5 Diarrhea

4.2.6 Infantile Malnutrition(Ganji)

4.2.7 Rectal Prolapse

4.2.8 Enuresis

4.2.9 Infantile Convulsion

4.2.10 Nifht Crying

4.2.11 Myogenic Torticollis

4.2.12 Subluxation of Capitulum Radii in Children

4.2.13 Myopia

4.2.14 Infantile Health Care

5 Self-tuina

5.1 Local Self-tuina

5.1.1 Self-tuina on the Head and the Face

5.1.2 Self-tuina on the Neck and Nape

5.1.3 Self-tuina on the Upper Limbs

5.1.4 Self-tuina on the Chest and the Abdeomen

5.1.5 Self-tuina on the Back and the Lumbus

5.1.6 Self-tuina on the Lower Limbs

5.2.1 Self-tuina for Regulation of Five Zang Organs

5.2.1 Manipulations for Soothing the Liver and Regulating Flow

5.2. Manipulations for Relieving Mental Stress and Easing the Ming

5.2. Manipulations for Reinforcing the Spleen and Strengthening the Stomach

5.2. Manipulations for Activating the lung and Regulating Qi

5.2. Manipulations for Reinforcing the Kidney and Replenishing Vital Essence




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