TCM China:  

 Introduction To Tangerine Peel (ju pi)   










ju pi


hua ju hong


Tangerine Peel (ju pi)  

Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae

Properties: The herb is pungent and bitter in flavour, warm in nature, acting on the spleen and lung channels. Being pungent for promoting circulation of Qi, bitter and warm for eliminating dampness, and aromatic for enlivening the spleen, the herb has mild effects of eliminating Qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach and phlegm-dampness in the spleen and lung. It is often used to treat Qi stagnation, distention and fullness in the spleen and stomach, retention and stagnation of dampness in the middle Jiao, cough and asthma due to excessive phlegm in the lung channel, and other syndromes.

Effects: Promoting circulation of Qi, strengthening the spleen, eliminating dampness and relieving phlegm.


1. The herb is often used combination with aucklandia root, amomum fruit, nutgrass flatsedge rhizome and other herbs for promoting circulation of Qi and normalizing function of the stomach, to treat gastro-abdominal distention, anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea caused by Qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach; with hawthorn fruit, medicated leaven, unripen bitter orange and other herbs for eliminating stagnated food, to treat dyspepsia, Qi stagnation, distention, acid regurgitation and indigestion; and with dangshen, white atractylodes rhizome and other herbs for strengthening the spleen and supplementing Qi, to treat abdominal distention, anorexia and loose stool due to spleen deficiency.

2. The herb is often used in combination with pinellia tuber, poria and liquorica for strengthening the effects of eliminating dampness and phlegm, such as Erchen Decoction, to treat excessive cold-phlegm and damp-phlegm in the interior, cough, abundant expectoraion and asthma; and with atractylodes rhizome, magnolia bark and other herbs for eliminating dampness, relieving phlegm, disintegrating masses and removing food retention, such as Pingwei powder, to treat retention of dampness in the middle Jiao, vomiting, hiccup, diarrhea, oppressed feeling in the chest and greasy fur.

Dosage and Administration: 3-10g.

Appendix: Pummelo Peel.

The drug is the peel of the unripen or nearly ripen fruit of the plant Citrus grandis, Tomentosa'or C. grandis (L.) Osbeck of family Rutaceae. Bitter and pungent in taste, warm in nature, and having effects of promoting Qi circulation and relieving phlegm, the herb is indicated for Qi stagnation, distention and fullness in the spleen and stomach, abundant expectoration, cough and other syndromes. Pummelo peel is superior to tangerine peel in the nature of warm-dryness. Therefore, it is appropriaate to use Pummelo peel for patients with abundant expectoration and cough but with no stagnated heat in the interior. Its dosage is 3-10g.   

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