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Introduction To Immature Bitter Orange (zhi shi) 









Immature Bitter Orange (zhi shi)

Fructus Aurantii Immaturus

Properties: The herb is bitter and pungent in flavour, slightly cold in nature, and acts on the spleen, stomach and large intestine channels. Being pungent for dispersing and bitter for purging. sinking, lowering and moving downward drastically, the herb can relieve Qi stagnation in the stomach and intestine to clear stagnated food and alleviate fullness, and can eliminate phlegm and promote Qi circulation to resolve masses. It is indicated for gastro-intestinal food retention, Qi stagnation, and distention, obstruction of normal flow of Qi by phlegm, oppressive chest, stiffmass in the stomach and other syndromes.

Effects: Relieving Qi stagnation, and food retention, resolving phlegm and masses.


1. The herb is often used in combination with rhubarb root, magnolia bark and other herbs for purging heat and relaxing the bowel, such as Dachengqi Decoction, to treat accumulation of heat in stomach and colon, abdominal fullness and distending pain, fever and constipation; with hawthorn fruit, medicated leaven areca seed and other herbs for eliminating stagnated food, to treat food stagnation, indigestion, anorexia and abdominal distention; and with scutellaria root, coptis rhizome and other herbs for clearing heat, removing dampness, promoting Qi circulation and eliminating food retention, to treat damp-heat in the large intestine, diarrhea, dysentery and abdominal pain.

2. The herb is often used in combination with tangerine peel and fresh ginger for clearing phlegm, promoting Qi circulation, resolving masses and eliminating fullness, to treat stagnation of phlegm-dampness, obstruction of Qi in the stomach, oppressive chest, anorexia, vomiting and hiccup; with cinnamom twig, mongolian snakegourd fruit, macrostem onion and other herbs for resolving phlegm, alleviating oppressed feeling in the chest, promoting Qi circulation and activating Yang, such as Zhishi Xhishi Xiebai Guizhi Decoction, to treat colic due to obstruction of Qi in the chest caused by obstruction of chest-Yang due to cold phlegm and dampness; and with mongolian snakegourd fruit, pinellia tuber and coptis rhizome for clearing masses, such as Xiaoxianxiong Jia Zhishi Decoction, to treat accumulation of phlegm and heat in the chest, oppressed sensation in the chest, pain in hypochondrium, cough with yellow and thick sputum.

In addition, the herb is often used in combination with herbs for supplementing Qi and elevating Yang to treat proctoptosis, hysteroptosis and gastroptosis and other syndromes caused by sinking of Qi in the middle jiao.

Dosage and Administration: 3-10g.

Appendix: Nearly Mature Bitter Orange Fruit.

The drug is the nearly ripen fruit of Citrus aurantium L. and its cultivated variations. It is cleared or the pulp and used unprepared or stir baked.

Its effects are the same as those of immature bitter orange, but its potency is slow and mild. The herb is good at promoting Qi circulation to alleviate Qi stagnation in the middle jiao, and indicated for Qi stagnation in the liver and stomach, gastro-abdominal distention and fullness, and other syndromes. Its dosage is 3-10g.


For the convenience of customers, we offer the Immature Bitter Orange (zhi shi) as the quick-dissolving granule made through modern technology.




Every sachet is equivalent to raw herb 6 grams.


The dosage is for adults, one sachet each time, twice a day. Please put the granule into a cup, then put 50-100ml boiling water into the cup and stir it with spoon. You will get some tea, drink it when it is luke-warm. For children, the dosage should be reduced according to the weight.


Air ship 50 sachets of Immature Bitter Orange (zhi shi) in the form of quick-dissolving granule for your personal use now at $98.00.

If you would like to order this raw herb, please go to the order form.


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