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Introduction To Arisaema Tuber (tian nan xing----dan nan xing)









tian nan xing

dan  nan xing

Arisaema Tuber (tian nan xing)

    Rhizoma Arisaematis

Properties: It is acrid bitter in flavour, warm in nature and toxic. It acts on the lung, spleen, and liver channels. Its acridness is dispersing, its bitterness purging, and warmness and dryness resolving phlegm. Its potent desiccating property is stronger than that of Rhizoma Pinelliae. It is good for removing wind-phlegm in channels and relieving spasm. It is mainly indicated in dizziness due to wind-phlegm, stroke with abundant phlegm, and tetanus. It is also used to clear phlegm-dampness in spleen and stomach, cough and asthma due to phlegm-dampness, cough due to phlegm-heat, infantile convulsion due to phlegm-heat.

Effects: Eliminating dampness to resolve phlegm, dispelling wind and relieve spasm.


1. For treatment of accumulation of phlegm-dampness, cough with abundant expectoration, inappetence and oppressive chest, it is usually used in combination with Pericarpium Citri, Rhizoma Pinelliae, Fructus Aurantii Immaturus, and other drugs removing dampness to reduce phlegm. For treatment of cough due to heat, the Arisaema cum Bile is used together with Radix Scutekkariae, Fructus Trixhosanthis, Bulbus Fritillariae, and other heat and phlegm-removing drugs.

2. For treatment of dizziness due to wind-phlegm, stroke with abundant phlegm, hemiplegia, and so on, it is usually used together with Rhizoma Pinelliae, Rhizoma Gastrodiae, Rhizoma Typhonii, and other drugs with the effects of resolving phlegm and dispelling wind. For treatment of infantile convrlsion due to phlegm-heat, its bile preparation is used in combination with Tabasheer, Cinnabaris, and other drugs removing heat-phlegm, heat from the liver and arresting convulsion: For treatment of tetanus, it can be used together with Radix Ledebouriellae, Radix Angelicae, and other drugs with the effects of dispelling wind to relieve spasm, such as Yuzhen San.

Besides, when the fresh herb is used externally it can subside swelling to cure furuncle and carbuncle with septicema.

Dosage and Administration: 5-10g. Suitable amount for external application. Its bile preparation is used in treatment of phlegm-heat syndromes.

Precautions: Contraindicated in pregnancy.

Appendix: Arisaema cum Bile

It is the preparation of Rhizoma Arisaematis powder proccessed with bile of cow, sheep or pig. It is bitter in flavour and cold in nature. Its effect is clearing away heat to resolve phlegm, dispelling wind and relieving convulsion and spasm, thus it is used for cough due to phlegm-heat, stroke due to phlegm, heat, stroke, and other syndromes. The dosage is 3-10g.


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